CLICK HERE to download the CCM Fast Facts e-Poster.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria has recently published the 2012 CCM Composition data on its website. While AIDS Accountability International commends this transparency, the nature of the large Excel file-format does not make the data accessible or easy to interpret. This is a barrier to accountability. Responding to this need as urgently as possible, AAI has created a CCM Fast Facts e-Poster which highlights some of the more important statistics on CCM composition in Africa:
Q: Did you know that only one country in Africa has sex worker representation? Which one is it?
Q: Which country only has 5% women sitting on its CCM?
Q: Do you know which three African countries have members representing men who have sex with men?
The Global Fund’s Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs) are the in-country boards in charge of deciding what goes into Global Fund proposals, and how the grants are divided up and managed. Who is sitting on these boards? Who is really affecting the Global Fund decision making process?
Statement of Human Rights Defenders on the Need for an Integrated and Comprehensive Approach to the Protection of Human Rights related to sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions at the Human Rights Council.
As many of you know, in June 2011, the Human Rights Council began an important process to strengthen the protection of the human rights of people all over the world on the basis of sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions.
This was the outcome of decades of work by social movements and good strategic leadership by both civil society and many states.
A Resolution was adopted on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
This June marks two years since that Resolution was adopted.
What do we want to see at the Human Rights Council in taking forward the work on sexuality, gender and genedr identity?
Below, is a Statement that has been shaped by a group of civil society organisations, coalitions and networks from Africa, Latin America and from the Caribbean.
1. Read the Statement
2. Sign On.
You do this by sending an email to
Mtinkheni Munthali – firstname.lastname@example.org
Eunice Namugwe – email@example.com
You can sign on as an individual or as an organisation.
Please state in your email
NAME OF ORGANISATION [in full]
Then insert into SUBJECT LINE the words:
3. Forward the email to your networks and contacts.
More information will follow in the next days and weeks!
The Teams at the Secretariats:
African Men for Sexual Health and Rights
Coalition of African Lesbians
Statement of Human Rights Defenders on the Need for an Integrated and Comprehensive Approach to the Protection of Human Rights related to sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions at the Human Rights Council
-10 May 2013-
We, the undersigned human rights defenders, working to advance societies that affirm peoples’ diversities, choice, human rights and agency throughout the world, hereby state our position on the role of the Human Rights Council following (HRC) the adoption of Resolution 17/19 on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity by the United Nations HRC and of the Report of the High Commissioner on Human Rights on Discriminatory Laws and Practices and Acts of Violence Against Individuals based on their Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity [A/HRC/19/41].
Progressing from the OHCHR study and Report, as well as the recent Regional Consultations and the Oslo Human Rights Conference, one of the key questions for the international community is ‘what would constitute an effective institutional response from the United Nations HRC to advance the respect, protection and fulfillment of the human rights of people all over the world based on their sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions?’
Our position is that an intersectional approach is required to address violence and violations based on sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions. Such an approach by the HRC will affirm and strengthen existing work for the full integration of the human rights of people based on their sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions into all existing UN mechanisms, agencies and systems. Such integration should be deliberate, systematic, resourced, coordinated and sustained. We believe that this intersectional and integrated approach will ensure respect, protection and fulfillment of the human rights of people from diverse sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions as integral to a comprehensive human rights agenda, and not present as a separate category of rights.
We believe that effective change in the violence and other violations against persons based on their sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions is dependent on an incremental approach. Such an approach will work to build on and sustain the momentum established by Resolution 17/19 and the Report of the OHCHR [A/HRC/19/41] in a context of dialogue and engagement both within regions and across regions and between states and between states and civil society. Such an approach will also ensure that technical assistance is available to enable states to take measures to address the violence and other violations against people on the grounds of their sexual orientations, gender identities and expressions, and enable stronger accountability for implementation.
The mandate of the HRC is not to mirror the prejudice of Member States but to set standards that member States should be held accountable to and be bound by. The international community has witnessed increasing dialogue among States on violence and other violations based on sexual orientation, gender identities and expressions, demonstrating shifts in prejudice and willingness to engage. The HRC must both continue, through ongoing dialogue, to identify and address the intersecting factors of discrimination which make up the root causes of such violations and tobuild on efforts to sustain these shifts.
We are concerned about calls for a special mechanism which would focus solely on sexual orientation and gender identity. We believe that this is a short cut and an apparent quick win to addressing the societal problems that establish and sustain the violence and violation based on sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions.
We believe that the creation of such a mechanism would pose significant risk of contributing to the process of solidify identities even where they do not exist and creating or reinforcing “an other” category. For some of us the work we do on sexual orientation and gender identity and the way we struggle for recognition of who we are is based on important and sometimes powerful identity categories. Often, these categories are not fixed identities, but standpoints we take in the struggle for dignity, freedom and equality.
As UN special mechanisms are dependent on the cooperation of States either by their own volition or by activation of a treaty obligation, it will be very difficult for a special mechanism on SOGI to function in the absence of an explicit treaty obligation binding States to cooperate with it. Consequently, the UN cannot count on the voluntary cooperation of States with such a mechanism.
We are further concerned that a special mechanism on sexual orientation and gender identity, whether a Special Rapporteur, Independent Expert or Working Group, would for a number of years after its establishment, be immobilized, dismissed or ignored by some states and actively resisted by others. This would have serious consequences for the possibilities of change at a national/country level. It would likely also increase the focus on name, blame and shame processes with the consequences of further polarization within the Council. We anticipate that the creation of such a special mechanism will, in effect reinforce the opposition to the protection of human rights of people based on their sexual orientations and gender identities and expressions. This could set back gains made since June 2011, as an international tussle ensues within the Council and elsewhere. We believe that such an intervention will for some time to come strengthen the divides amongst states on this issue and will narrow the range of effective measures that some states are willing to take to address the violations; It could reduce the possibilities of and/or delay real change at a local, country/national level where it is most needed. It is unlikely to facilitate or enable the kind of change we need as a community at a local and country level.
In the light of the above positions and concerns, we call on the HRC to adopt a resolution which will:
1. Request, to give effect to A/HRC/19/41 paragraph 82, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights to convene an expert meeting to prepare Technical Guidance on the application, at a national level, of a human rights-based approach to the implementation of policies and programmes to eliminate discrimination and violence based on gender, gender identity and sexuality with a focus on sexual orientation, gender identities and expressions. This Technical Guidance should be presented to the HRC at a formal plenary session within two years following the resolution and within one year following the report [see 2 below];
2. Request, in keeping with A/HRC/19/41 paragraph 81, that the OHCHR conduct an in-depth study that demonstrates both the human rights situation in relation to sexual orientation and gender identities and expressions as well as promising and good practices that can serve as a basis for addressing the violence, violation and discrimination facing people all over the world in relation to sexual orientation and gender identities and expressions. The report to make recommendations that can serve as the basis for addressing the implementation/application gap at a country level through the drafting of Technical Guidance
All of this should be located within a process of sustained dialogue at all levels and between states and between states and civil society and supported through properly resourced technical assistance between countries as well as the adequate resourcing of the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights.
We further call on the Human Rights Council, subsequent to the adoption of a resolution addressing the above two interventions, to begin a process to encourage existing special mechanisms to identify and make recommendations to address the full range of protection gaps within UN human rights system. These would include but not be limited to protection gaps on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.
Written by Sonke Gender Justice Network
Sonke Gender Justice Network, the MenEngage Africa Network and the Women’s Health Research Unit at the University of Cape Town are proud to host the second MenEngage Africa Training Initiative course: ‘Masculinities, Leadership and Gender Justice in Sub-Saharan Africa’, to be held from 16-26 September 2013 at the University of Cape Town in South Africa. This follows the highly successful pilot course that took place in August 2012.
To apply for this training course, complete the online application at:www.menengage.org/mati2013application.
For further information, please go towww.mengage.org/mati2013course or refer to the attached document.
About the course
‘Masculinities, Leadership and Gender Justice in Sub-Saharan Africa’ is a short, intensive, ten-day residential course which seeks to expand the skills and knowledge of women and men in the Sub-Saharan Africa region to scale up work on engaging men and boys in gender equality, and build a network of leaders and gender justice advocates. In so doing, it aims to strengthen existing work on the greater involvement of men and boys in the prevention and response to sexual and gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health and rights, HIV and AIDS, fatherhood, LGBTI rights and other issues pertaining to gender equality.
The course will incorporate a mix of thematic and skills-building sessions – covering both theoretical and practical components – as well as a site visit and daily opportunity for reflection. Thematic sessions will address the topics mentioned above, while the skills building sessions will specifically address leadership (including youth leadership), organisational development, research methods, advocacy, resource mobilisation and monitoring and evaluation.
As part of the training, participants are expected to submit a ‘Project for Change’ proposal, which will be refined during the course and, most importantly, implemented within their respective organisations once the course is completed. The Project for Change is a project or programme that is applicable to engaging men for gender equality. It can focus on sexual and gender based violence, HIV and AIDS, sexual and reproductive health or, LGBTI rights to name a few potential thematic areas. The project can be an existing one that needs to be expanded or strengthened, or a new initiative that must be implemented upon completion of the course. Through the implementation of the Project for Change, it is hoped that participants will be able to practically employ the additional skills and knowledge gained from this training.
To assist participants with the implementation of their Projects for Change, the course incorporates a six month Mentorship Programme. This mentorship component is a critical aspect of the training as it seeks to provide participants with ongoing support and guidance as they implement their projects at the conclusion of the training. Participants can elect their own mentor or have one appointed for them. Ultimately, certification for the MenEngage Africa Training Initiative (MATI) will be based on satisfactory implementation of the Project for Change and thorough engagement in the Mentorship Programme.
The organisers trust that this course will contribute to the strengthening of both individual and organisational capacities, and it is with great pleasure you are hereby invited to apply to attend.
Summary of the first course
From 20-30 August 2012, the first MenEngage Africa Training Initiative course ‘Masculinities, Leadership and Gender Justice in Sub-Saharan Africa’ took place at the University of Cape Town in South Africa. It brought together 23 participants (14 males and 9 females) from 13 African countries. Course content was delivered by global and regional experts and leaders in the fields of gender, human rights and social justice, for example, on topics such as ‘Why Engage Men?’ and ‘Gender, Culture, Tradition and Religion.’ Evaluations from the first course indicated that participants found the training very useful and it increased their knowledge and skills by 41 %. This is a positive outcome demonstrating that the modules on the course were effective in transferring knowledge and skills to participants on how to work with men and boys for gender equality.
The course is intended for gender activists, programme staff and project managers from women’s rights, children’s rights, sexual and reproductive health and rights, HIV and AIDS, and LGBTI organisations, youth leaders, government officials, UN Agency representatives, donors, academics and media advocates.
Who is eligible?
The ideal candidate will:
- Work in a field where they can influence gender justice and gender equality through their positions within non-governmental organisations (NGOs), community-based organisations (CBOs), government, UN agencies, donors, academic institutions, faith based organisations, juridical systems or other relevant organisations in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Have a minimum of 3-5 years work experience in gender, advocacy, human rights, social justice and/or sexual and reproductive health and rights issues
- Demonstrate commitment and interest in strategies and programmes aimed at engaging men for gender equality within Sub-Saharan Africa
- Have proven and demonstrable leadership experience/skills
- Have a basic understanding of gender issues, particularly around gender justice
- Demonstrate an understanding, commitment and willingness to be part of an intense ten day residential course
- Have an innovative proposal for a ‘Project for Change’, to be implemented on completion of the course
- Have the support of their organisation for both participation in the course and implementation of their Project for Change (where applicable)
- Hold a Bachelor’s degree in international relations, human rights, health rights, gender or other relevant fields (practical experience will be taken into account in lieu of an educational background)
- Be fluent in English
- Have interest/experience in running training courses
There are no registration fees. Applicants are requested to cover all travel-related costs in full. Accommodation and course costs will be covered by the hosts.
A very limited number of scholarships to cover the full cost of participation are available. The hosts encourage ALL interested parties to apply.
To apply, please go to http://www.menengage.org/mati2013application to fill out the on-line application form.
Applications are to be completed by no later than 31 May 2013. Once completed, you will receive an email confirming receipt of your application. Successful candidates will be notified by no later than 1 July 2013.
For further information, kindly contact Tanya Charles at firstname.lastname@example.org
9 May 2013
After the March 2013 launch of AAI’s Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs) Community Consultation Report entitled “Who is really affecting the Global Fund decision making process?” AAI has begun conducting advocacy around the findings. The objective is to use the research as an accountability tool, acting as a best-practice and gaps analysis evidence base for improving the meaningful participation processes of women, girls and those marginalized by their sexual orientation in Global Fund processes.
Download the full report: Who is really affecting the Global Fund decision making processes? A Community Consultation Report
Download the survey report: Who is really affecting the Global Fund decision making processes? A Quantitative Analysis of CCMs
Download the media release: AIDS Accountability International on the Global Fund
To achieve this, AAI conducted its Global Fund Advocacy Week at the Global Fund Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, from 15-19 April 2013, since engaging Fund Portfolio Managers and Senior Technical Advisors on gender and key populations is critical for holding both the CCMs and the Global Fund Secretariat accountable for their obligations to marginalized populations. AAI also endeavoured to connect with other partners in Geneva, such as the World Young Women’s Christian Association (World YWCA), the International Labour Organization (ILO) along with funding partners and independent stakeholders.
On Monday 15 April 2013, AAI began its Global Fund Advocacy Week in Geneva by meeting with Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda (General Secretary) and Hendrica Okondo (Global Programme Manager SRHR & HIV Focal Point for Africa) at the World Young Women’s Christian Association (World YWCA). The discussion focused on reducing the distance for dialogue between young girls and policy makers, creating spaces of “conversational accountability” and “intergenerational dialogues” so that young girls can have the opportunity to engage with decision makers, but in less technical forums. Leadership was also a topic of strategic thinking, with AAI and the YWCA brainstorming around how to redefine leadership so that it does not rest on the pillars of education or income.
The following day, AAI met with a team of senior technical specialists at the Global Fund Secretariat. Speaking with Linda Mafu (Head, Political and Civil Society Department), Sara Davis (Senior Specialist in Human Rights and Equity), Motoko Seko (Gender and Human Rights Specialist) and Mauro Guarinieri (Senior Advisor, Community Systems Strengthening and Civil Society), AAI pushed for greater accountability towards Human Rights in Global Fund processes. It was agreed during the meeting that viewing human rights through a public health lens can often be highly effective in certain contexts where the rights and women, girls and LGBT people can be politically and culturally sensitive. This supports the research findings in AAI’s CCM Report. AAI and the Global Fund also discussed the new CCM guidelines (2010) which say that CCMs should demonstrate effort to include key affected populations in the country dialogue process. In terms of the way forward, it was raised that Fund Portfolio Managers might benefit from capacity building on how to engage better with civil society outside of the CCM, as well as on human rights and key populations issues.
Continuing with Global Fund Advocacy Week, AAI met with two Fund Portfolio Managers (FPMs), Richard Cunliffe (Botswana, Swaziland) and Viviane Hughes-Lanier (Niger). At these two meetings, AAI consulted with the FPMs about how best to strengthen Africa’s CCMs through improved participation of marginalized groups. The result was a recommendation from the Secretariat to build the capacity of civil society to become principal or sub-recipients, train key populations CCM members on how to influence a meeting, and train the CCM Chairs and Co-Chairs on how to run a meeting that includes discussions of strategic thinking around human rights considerations.
At the end of the week, solid plans had been made to move forward with the project in a manner that continues to involve the Secretariat in Geneva. This way, AAI can increase its impact in pushing for greater accountability to women, girls and SOGI groups from both the CCMs in country, and the FPMs and Technical Specialists at the Global Fund in Geneva.
25 April 2013
AAI has distilled the key messages of the Civil Society African Common Position Paper on ICPD into 12 brief points for easy reading.
We will continue seeking endorsements in the coming weeks and have already had over 100 CSOs in Africa and worldwide sign on!
Join us and give more power to the people!
1. Human Rights
The document is fundamentally based on human rights. This means that the main objective of all development policies and programmes and their implementation must be to respect, protect and fulfil human rights for all.
1.1. Demography and population growth: The document clearly addresses the potential abuses of demographic and population growth policies and strategies that ignore the human rights of individuals. It also demands that all population growth and structure, and demographic work is approached with a human rights and gender responsive lens. It requests guarantees that policies to address high fertility and rapid population growth will focus on enlarging, not restricting, individual choices and opportunities. Clear policy guidelines must be developed and implemented so as to ensure that human rights and gender responsive lens is used through to clinic level so that abuse and misinterpretation does not occur.
1.2. All vulnerable people included: The document identifies vulnerable and key affected populations that require better inclusion and more focussed policies, programming and implementation in order to realize their full socio-economic and civil and political rights and freedoms. It acknowledges the role of both the vulnerable and the role of the already empowered and that they need to engage in promoting equality, equity and empowerment for all.
1.3. Duty-bearers and rights-holders: Both duty-bearers and rights-holders are identified throughout the document as a means to better identify the needs and entitlements of the former, and the obligations and duties of the latter. It also speaks to where capacity is lacking in order to empower the latter to hold the former accountable.
2. Accountability and Transparency
The document highlights the need for accountability which can be gained from collective transparency, open dialogue and greater focus on implementation and action with the attainment of human rights for all as the ultimate goal.
2.1. Reporting: To report in a timely manner, accurately and transparently on progress made. To ensure that monitoring and accountability mechanisms adopt a systemic and sustained human rights approach towards the implementation of the ICPD, Maputo Plan of Action (MPOA) and other relevant commitments;
2.2. Quality of data: To improve the quality of reporting by improving data, increasing quality and quantity of responses in reporting documents, using a collaborative process with civil society for the completion of reports, and ensuring appropriately disaggregated data is available and included in reporting.
2.3. Dialogue between government and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs): Use open dialogue between government, civil society and policy organs, to create more discussion around current status, national responses and challenges surrounding the attainment of universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and health services on the continent.
3. Focus on Implementation
The document highlights the need for a “less talk, more action” stance. This includes a focus on implementation of budget, human resource development and improved national ownership rather than policy and/or commitment development.
3.1. Budget allocation and spending: To boost funding for health, especially SRHR, by implementing the commitment made in Abuja to dedicate 15% of national budget to health. In addition, the document calls for implementation of the MPOA commitment to allocate 15% of health budget to family planning commodities. It is important to also identify alternative funding sources. There is a need to improve monitoring and evaluation and financial controls of existing budgets and expenditures;
3.2. Focus on African capacity: To allocate budget and implement capacity building for health systems strengthening through improved human resources. This is for health staff as well as national institutions, community systems and Ministry of Health staff. It is necessary to mount evidence-informed and rights-based responses, whilst also working on retaining existing staff, improving the existing quality of training and promoting South-South cooperation.
3.3. Leadership and national ownership: To commit to an all-inclusive and accountable leadership that ensures integration of SRHR into national development instruments. Leaders must also create space for national debate on priorities, strategic investments, social protection and legal measures. Leaders are required to create and adhere to good governance practices in all aspects of health systems strengthening.
4. Future forward
The document highlights the possibilities available to us as well as the need for innovative, modern and cutting edge knowledge, attitudes, decisions and strategies to be used in strengthening African health systems.
4.1. Technology: Use of innovative technologies, up to date knowledge, scientific and evidence-based decision-making to ensure that health systems are modern, sustainable, and intelligent. Decisions must be based on cutting edge philosophies and forward-looking thinking. We should be including newly developed yet proven safe services and commodities.
4.2. Quality and acceptability of services and commodities: ensure that sexual and reproductive health services and commodities are high-quality, available, accessible, and acceptable to all people. Ensure that the widest range of services and commodities and innovative technologies are provided as part of the modern health system.
4.3. Protect the population’s human rights: Prioritise human rights in sexual and reproductive health programmes by guaranteeing that services are designed to respond to individual’s health needs. This includes overcoming barriers faced by marginalized groups. This must be done through service provision that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure and thus looks to an African future for health systems based on human rights.
SIGN-ON! Civil Society African Common Position Paper on The International Conference on Population Development.
This section provides recommendations that addresses key matters that affect gender equality, equity and empowerment for all
- Persons with disabilities,
- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Persons (LGBTI),
- Persons living with HIV (PLHIV),
- Older persons,
- Orphans, and
- Migrant populations.
6.1. Gender Equality, Equity and Empowerment of all women
6.1.1. Ensure human rights based approach and that women’s and girl’s perspectives and rights are observed in all national SRHR policies and laws, and that all legal and institutional barriers to women realising full equality, equity and empowerment are removed as a matter of urgency,
6.1.2. To advocate for comprehensive societal affirmative action that promotes gender equity and equality in all spheres of life, including in the labour market. This includes addressing all policies that do not favour the ability of women to engage successfully in socio-economic activities, as well as committing to and financing the economic, political and social empowerment of women and girls through deliberate national programs which also include increasing women’s access to capital, land and credit facilities,
6.1.3. Continuous development and implementation of effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms that aimed at evaluating progress toward national gender programmes, including but not limited to the improvement of data quality collection and analysis.
6.1.4. Ensure that there is creation and implementation of the legal and institutional framework that protects the rights of woman and young girls from harmful traditional practices such as inability to inherit and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).
6.1.5. Commit to addressing the definition of gender which is currently limited to the binary of male and female which excludes different identities. Therefore, there must be the promotion of a comprehensive and all inclusive definition so as to support the equality of all women regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity,
6.1.6. Create platforms for continuous, comprehensive, consultative, capacity building for all stakeholders including Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) on gender and its role within SRHR,
6.1.7. Provide quality education, including comprehensive sexuality and life skills education at early levels for all children to promote empowerment of both girls and boys as a means to promoting equality, equity and empowerment and ensuring boys and men also play a role in realising equality for women,
6.1.8. Expand decision-making opportunities for women by ensuring their meaningful participation in all stages of design, monitoring and implementation of sexual and reproductive rights policies and programs at national, regional and international levels.
6.2. Persons with Disabilities
6.2.1. Ensure the development, implementation and financing of policy and strategies that eradicate all discriminatory practices against persons with disabilities and protect the rights of persons living with disabilities;
6.2.2. Meaningful engagement of persons with disabilities at policy and implementation level in order to develop non-discriminatory and comprehensive programs that are inclusive of their SRHR needs;
6.2.3. Create deliberate policy and implementation plans that address the sexual and reproductive health needs of persons living with disabilities and ensure universal access to accessible, acceptable, affordable and quality SRHR services, information and commodities whilst ensuring respect for persons with disabilities privacy and confidentiality in accessing services, and their capacity to make free and informed choices regarding their sexual and reproductive lives from childhood to old age in all their diversity;
6.2.4. Continuous development and implementation of effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms that aimed at evaluating progress toward national gender programmes, including but not limited to the improvement of data quality collection and analysis;
6.2.5. Embark on awareness campaign programmes to dispel myths and misconceptions about the sexual and reproductive needs of people with disabilities and ensure that persons living with disabilities also enjoy healthy and fulfilling sexual lives;
6.2.6. Ensure the empowerment of persons living with disabilities by creating opportunities for economic development and self- reliance. Provide more possibilities for employment, credit facilities and land;
6.2.7. Create strategies that ensure the protection of women and girls living with disabilities against intimate partner violence and sexual violence;
6.2.8. Engage private and public structures to ensure that implementation of the regulations on the rights of persons with disabilities are fully adhered to;
6.2.9. Train health care workers on disability related health care, including service provision that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure.
6.3. Youth (including pre-adolescents)
6.3.1. Ensure that all aspects of the Convention on the Rights of the Child are recognised and implemented including the protection from child marriage and other forms of harmful practices as well as promote and implement laws, policies and programs that eliminate harmful practices such as early and forced marriage, rape, sexual and gender based violence, female genital mutilation, honor killings, and all other forms of violence against adolescents and youth;
6.3.2. Ensure that investments in health (including sexual and reproductive health), jobs, education and skills in youth development are made to position Africa to reap the rewards from the imminent demographic dividend;
6.3.3. Increase empirical evidence on how to address youth and pre-adolescent issues by strengthening research in academic institutions and greater inclusion of youth in the design, monitoring and implementation of policy, programming and implementation;
6.3.4. Ensure that cultural and religious barriers such as parental and spousal consent, and early and forced marriages, should never prevent access to family planning, safe and legal abortion, and other reproductive health services – recognizing that young people have autonomy over their own bodies, pleasures, and desires.
6.3.5. Provide quality education, including comprehensive sexuality and life skills education at early levels for all children to promote empowerment of both girls and boys as a means to promoting equality, equity and empowerment and ensuring boys also play a role in realising equality for girls; as well as remove any and all barriers to accessing quality education and ensure recognition, strengthening and utilisation of ICT in adolescents’ and youth development;
6.3.6. Create and sustain comprehensive, objective, and accurate sexuality education and information that is accessible and affirming for all children and youth in and out of schools, that includes but is not limited to the promotion of sexual and reproductive rights, gender equality, self-empowerment, knowledge of the body, bodily integrity and autonomy, and relationship skills development; are free of gender stereotypes, discrimination, and stigma; and are respectful of children’s and adolescents’ evolving capacities to make choices about their sexual and reproductive lives.
6.3.7. Prioritize sexual and reproductive rights issues in health systems strengthening and development programs so that integrated, high-quality services are available, accessible, and acceptable to all young people, particularly those most underserved. These services include but are not limited to comprehensive information on sexuality and contraception services and supplies (including emergency contraception, post exposure prophylaxis, male and female condoms); pregnancy care (antenatal and post natal care, skilled birth attendance, referral systems, and emergency obstetric care); safe abortion services and post-abortion care; access to assisted reproductive technologies; prevention, treatment, and care of sexually transmitted infections and HIV; prevention, treatment and care of reproductive cancers.
6.3.8. Greater recognition on the need for psychosocial support for adolescents and youth especially those in conflict areas;
6.3.9. Recognise and provide for the increased need for provision of SRH services and commodities in conflict and post conflict areas, where education of sexual and reproductive rights in post conflict regions must be aimed at reducing gender-based violence;
6.3.10. Protect young people’s human rights in sexual and reproductive health programs by guaranteeing that services are designed to respond to individual’s health needs and overcome barriers faced by marginalized groups, including through service provision that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure.
6.3.11. Ensure that programs show respect for adolescents’ and young peoples’ privacy and confidentiality in accessing services, and their capacity to make free and informed choices regarding their sexual and reproductive lives including parenthood, from childhood to old age in all their diversity; and pay special attention to marginalized groups of adolescents and young people, including those with disabilities, living with HIV and AIDS, and of all sexual orientations and gender identities as well as those in conflict areas;
6.3.12. Ensure routine monitoring of potential disparities in universal access to sexual and reproductive health information and services for adolescent and young people through regular collection and analysis of quality data;
6.3.13. Decriminalize abortion, and create and implement policies and programs that ensure young women have access to safe and legal abortion, pre- and post-abortion services, without mandatory waiting periods, requirements for parental and spousal notification and/or consent or age of consent.
6.4. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) persons
6.4.1. Ensure human rights based approach and that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons perspectives and rights are observed in all national SRHR policies and laws, and that all legal and institutional barriers to LGBTI realising full equality, equity and empowerment are removed as a matter of urgency;
6.4.2. Ensure that the right to health, especially SRHR, is made available to all people regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity and that services are provided by sensitized and trained health care workers who provide health care that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure and privacy and confidentiality;
6.4.3. Increase empirical evidence on how to address LGBTI specific issues by strengthening research in academic institutions and greater inclusion of LGBTI in the design, monitoring and implementation of policy, programming and implementation;
6.4.4. Create deliberate policy and implementation plans that address the needs of sexual minorities as a necessary element to ensure universal access to quality SRHR services and commodities that are affordable, accessible and acceptable;
6.4.5. Ensure that there are national strategies and legislation to reduce stigma and discrimination toward LGBTI, and ensure the enforcement of these laws in accessing services and information;
6.4.6. Continuous development and implementation of effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms that aimed at evaluating progress toward programmes aimed at providing human rights based equality, equity and empowerment of all people regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity, including but not limited to the improvement of data quality collection and analysis.
6.5. Persons living with HIV (PLHIV)
6.5.1. Ensure human rights based approach and that perspectives and rights of people living with HIV are observed in all national SRHR policies and laws, and that all legal and institutional barriers to PLHIV realising full equality, equity and empowerment are removed as a matter of urgency;
6.5.2. Ensure that the right to health, especially SRHR, is made available to all people living with HIV and that services are provided by sensitized and trained health care workers who provide health care that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure and privacy and confidentiality;
6.5.3. Ensure routine monitoring of potential disparities in universal access to sexual and reproductive health information and services for people living with HIV through regular collection and analysis of quality data;
6.5.4. Create an enabling legal environment that will encourage pregnant women to under-go HIV testing, provide treatment care and support and ensure availability of antiretroviral therapy for all HIV pregnant women, especially those in rural areas;
6.5.5. Urgently put in place policy, programming and implementation strategies to ensure prevention of mother to child transmission;
6.5.6. Address HIV-related stigma and discrimination through education and awareness campaign programme;
6.5.7. Promote voluntary HIV counselling and testing in all public hospitals, including primary health care services;
6.5.8. Ensure that HIV prevention services form part of family planning services;
6.5.9. Allocate funds targeted to HIV that protect and empower young people, especially young women. In particular, guarantee funding for the provision of comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services that include comprehensive sexuality education; prevention, counselling, voluntary testing, treatment and care of HIV, as well as other sexually transmitted infections and reproductive cancers; and universal access to female and male condoms, microbicides and other female initiated prevention technologies and vaccines
6.6. Other especially vulnerable persons, including older persons, orphans and vulnerable children and refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons and migrant populations.
6.6.1. Ensure human rights based approach and that perspectives and rights of vulnerable people are observed in all national SRHR policies and laws, and that all legal and institutional barriers to vulnerable people realising full equality, equity and empowerment are removed as a matter of urgency;
6.6.2. Ensure that the right to health, especially SRHR, is made available to all vulnerable people and that services are provided by sensitized and trained health care workers who provide health care that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure and privacy and confidentiality;
6.6.3. Ensure routine monitoring of potential disparities in universal access to sexual and reproductive health information and services for vulnrable people through regular collection and analysis of quality data;
6.6.4. Create awareness of the SRHR needs of older persons and develop policies and programmes that respect the sexual and reproductive health needs of older persons and include them in the process of decision-making as well as train health care providers to provide sexual and reproductive health services that are appropriate and acceptable to the needs of older persons;
6.6.5. Create national structures and laws that adequately evaluate andaddress pension payments and other support to older persons, especially those who are abandoned by their families and communities, and streamline the payment of pensions to retirees;
6.6.6. Assist African States interested in establishing support structures for abandoned old persons especially those who are also victims of discrimination (accused of witchcraft or other).
6.6.7. Create and support existing systems and structures which care for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), ensuring quality services, education and other provisions are made to ensure their human rights are respected;
6.6.8. Ensure the provision of AAAQ SRH services, information and commodities in a timely manner including mental health treatment, care and support for all orphans and vulnerable children;
6.6.9. Facilitate the enactment and implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in all countries to protect children and young people, especially orphans, from all forms of violence and harmful practices including early and forced marriages.
6.6.10. Ensure the provision of comprehensive sexuality education for orphans that promote sexual and reproductive rights, gender equality, self-empowerment, knowledge of the body, bodily integrity and autonomy, and relationship skills development; are free of gender stereotypes discrimination, and stigma; and are respectful of children’s and adolescents’ evolving capacities to make choices about their sexual and reproductive lives;
6.6.11. Guarantee universal access to comprehensive essential sexual and reproductive health services by providing sufficient and sustainable financing to achieve the training, deployment, and retention of necessary health workers; ensure equitable access and good quality services;
6.6.12. Ensure universal access to free (eliminating all forms of levies & user fees at all levels), quality, and comprehensive education at all levels in a safe and participatory environment.
6.6.13. Commit to researching and better understanding the health needs and SRHR needs of refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons and migrant populations and ensure their inclusion in the development of policies, programming and implementation of health care.
6.6.14. Ensure that there are national strategies and legislation to reduce stigma and discrimination toward refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons and migrant populations, and ensure the enforcement of these laws in accessing services and information.
To download the full document click here: AAI AUC Ford Civil Society African Common Position Paper on ICPD 2013 April
لقد انتهينا للتو من تحديد الموقف العام للمجتمعات المدنية الإفريقية بشأن المؤتمر الدولي للسكان والتنمية!
لقد انتهينا للتو من تحديد الموقف العام للمجتمعات المدنية الإفريقية بشأن المؤتمر الدولي للسكان والتنمية!
كما هو معروف لدى العديد منكم، اعترفت المسائلة الدولية بشأن الإيدز ومفوضية الاتحاد الإفريقي في عام 2012 بالحاجة لتمثيل أكبر لمنظمات المجتمع المدني الإفريقية في المؤتمر الدولي حول عملية التنمية السكانية.
وقد تقرر وضع ورقة تحديد للموقف العام من المؤتمر الدولي بشأن التنمية السكانية لكي تعكس وتشمل وجهات النظر والتوصيات والخبرات من أصحاب الشأن في إفريقيا.
يتضمن الموقف الإفريقي العام من المؤتمر الدولي بشأن التنمية السكانية مجموعة من التوصيات الموجهة للحكومات الوطنية لكي تعالج قضايا السكان والتنمية. وسوف تشكل هذه الورقة جزءاً من المؤتمر الإقليمي حول السكان والتنمية في شهر أيلول/ سبتمبر في أديس أبابا، حيث سيتبنى الوزراء المكلفون بقضايا السكان التقرير القاري حول المؤتمر الإفريقي بشأن التنمية السكانية في 20 موقف إفريقي عام حالما يتم تقييمه من قبل مفوضية الاتحاد الإفريقي ووزراء الاتحاد الإفريقي المكلفين بقضايا السكان.
وعند التصديق على هذه المواقف، سوف تؤخذ النسخة النهائية لورقة تحديد الموقف العام إلى الجمعية العمومية في عام 2014 في استعراض المؤتمر الدولي بشأن التنمية السكانية بصفتها الوثيقة الرئيسية التي تعكس الموقف الإفريقي من المؤتمر الدولي بشأن التنمية الإفريقية.
نتقدم بالشكر الجزيل لمؤسسة فورد في جنوب إفريقيا على ما قدمته من مساندة في هذا العمل.
للتسجيل والموافقة على الموقف العام للمجتمعات المدنية الإفريقية، الرجاء ألضغط على أيقونة الرد أو إرسال رسالة بريد إلكتروني إلى email@example.com
سوف يتم تضمين الموافقات من جميع أنحاء العالم، مع أنه سيتم إدراج الأفراد والمنظمات في إفريقيا في قائمة منفصلة عن تلك القائمة المخصصة للدول غير الإفريقية.
المنصب/ المسمى الوظيفي:
نتقدم بالشكر الجزيل لكل من ساهم في صنع هذا التوجه الحقيقي للأصوات الإفريقية.
نوجه عنايتكم لما يلي: قد تتضمن الأوراق أخطاء بسيطة أو أخطاء غير مقصودة. الرجاء إرسال بريد إلكتروني إلى firstname.lastname@example.org
مع خالص التقدير والاحترام
المسئولية الدولية عن الإيدز
102 Greenmarket Place, 54 Shortmarket Street
Cape Town 8000
رقم الهاتف: +27 (0)21 424 2057
موبايل رقم:+27 (0)82 225 1598
البريد الإلكتروني: email@example.com
SIGN-ON! Civil Society African Common Position Paper on The International Conference on Population Development.
4. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR)
4.1.1. Prioritize sexual and reproductive rights in health systems strengthening and development programs so that integrated, high-quality services are available, accessible, and acceptable to all people, especially women and youths, and other marginalised groups as indicated below and particularly those most underserved.
4.1.2. Protect the population’s human rights in sexual and reproductive health programs by guaranteeing that services are designed to respond to individual’s health needs and overcome barriers faced by marginalized groups, including through service provision that is free from stigma, coercion, discrimination and violence, based on full and informed consent, and that affirms the right to pleasure.
4.1.3. Programs must ensure respect for privacy and confidentiality of people in accessing services, and the capacity to make free and informed choices regarding their sexual and reproductive lives from childhood to old age in all their diversity; and pay special attention to marginalized groups.
4.1.4. These services include but are not limited to: comprehensive information on sexuality and contraception services and supplies (including emergency contraception, post exposure prophylaxis, male and female condoms); pregnancy care (antenatal and post natal care, skilled birth attendance, referral systems, and emergency obstetric care); safe abortion services and post-abortion care; access to assisted reproductive technologies; prevention, treatment, and care of sexually transmitted infections and HIV; prevention, treatment and care of reproductive cancers.
4.2. Safe & Legal Abortion
4.2.1. To make evidence based policy changes that recognise the cost-benefits surrounding providing women with access to safe and legal abortions on demand.
4.2.2. To immediately repeal all laws criminalizing, penalizing and/or restricting access to abortion services whilst formulating new laws and policies as a means to allow better access.
4.2.3. To specifically repeal laws that restrict young women from accessing safe abortion services on ground of requiring parental or spousal consent, age of consent or mandatory waiting periods.
4.2.4. To ensure women seeking abortion care are not subjected judicial and non-judicial persecution, including imprisonment or even harassment and degrading treatment in the health systems or by state authorities and institutions.
4.2.5. To implement right based laws and public policies that guarantee and uphold women’s access to safe abortion services without restriction.
4.2.6. To remove all non-legal and non-policy barriers to women gaining access to safe abortions on demand.
4.2.7. To ensure that healthcare workers and the health system are trained, sensitized and equipped with the necessary knowledge, equipment and resources to provide safe abortion services, including pre and post abortion services.
4.3. Freedom from forced sterilisation
4.3.1. Develop, promote and implement policies and clear policy guidelines with regard to sterilisation that protect the rights of women and men, including LGBTI men and women, based on a human rights framework and ensuring informed consent and free choice.
4.3.2. Monitor and document state and non-state violations around SRHR, and especially with regard to forced sterilisation.
4.3.3. Develop laws and policies that are be based on the right to health including freedom from non-consensual medical treatment or experimentation and develop laws and policies that will protect patients from non-consensual medical treatment
4.3.4. Provide on-going human rights training for health care providers, particularly in the context of forced medical treatment.
4.3.5. Establish accountability systems to monitor and ensure adherence of health care workers to human rights based laws on forced sterilisation, experimentation and non-consensual or non-informed medical treatments.
4.4. Accessibility, Acceptability and Affordability and Quality of SRHR services and commodities
4.4.1. Ensure the development and implementation of policy and clear policy guidelines that guarantee universal access to the provision of SRH services and commodities, with free or subsidized care for those in need and those most marginalised;
4.4.2. Inclusion and allocation of a specific SRH commodities budget within the country health budget;
4.4.3. Commit to and conduct effective monitoring and documentation of implementation strategies to minimise potential disparities and ensure universal access;
4.4.4. Support and promote an enabling environment that allows for continuous consultation, meaningful engagement and development across different and relevant sectors;
4.4.5. Commit to set up systems and structures for management, supply and timely distribution of SRH commodities so as to ensure no stock outs and no expired stock.
4.4.6. Commit to and finance the training, deployment, and retention of necessary health workers;
4.4.7. Ensure Inter and Multi-sector collaboration, learning and sharing within regional and sub-regional mechanisms of best practices and lessons learned on SRH commodity management;
4.4.8. Educate and inform citizens of their rights and responsibilities, so that they are better able to make informed decisions on their health choices, and better able to demand accessible, acceptable, affordable and quality SRHR services and commodities;
4.4.9. Recognise the role of the female condom as the only female initiated tool to prevent HIV, STI’s and unplanned pregnancies, and ensure access to quality and affordable female condoms are a reality for all women, as well as commit to funding for training and support for Female Condom Programming;
4.4.10. Recognise the need for further research into the role of anal and vaginal sexual lubricants for use as a tool to prevent HIV, STI’s and unplanned pregnancies, as well as its safety for users and compatibility with various other ingredients and condom varieties. Commit to making access to quality and affordable lubricants a reality for all people, as well as commit to funding for training and support for condom compatible lubricant use;
4.4.11. Train all health care workers, as well as procurement and head office ministry staff on new and evolving SRHR commodities especially with regard to HIV treatment and prevention technologies, this includes but is not limited to understanding the current vaginal and rectal micro-biocide and pre exposure prophylaxis fields in general and their specific programming implications for women and girls.
To download the full full document click here: AAI AUC Ford Civil Society African Common Position Paper on ICPD 2013 April
SIGN-ON: Civil Society African Common Position Paper on The International Conference on Population Development: 3. Population Growth and Structure
3.1. Fertility, mortality and population growth
3.1.1. Ensure that population growth and structure, and demographic work is approached with a human rights and gender responsive lens;
3.1.2. Guarantee that policies to address high fertility and rapid population growth, focus on enlarging, not restricting, individual choices and opportunities;
3.1.3. Ensure that clear policy guidelines are developed and shared and implemented so as to ensure that human rights and gender responsive lens is implemented through to clinic level and that abuse and misinterpretation is impossible.
3.1.4. Improve data collection, quality and analysis to ensure that targeted and evidence based policies are developed, implemented and then closely monitored and evaluated for necessary adjustments.
3.2. Demographic Dividends
3.2.1. To commit to researching, understanding, and investing in the possible dividends to be gained from the pending youth bulge;
3.2.2. To ensure that the population is able to contribute and benefit from potential gains of the demographic dividend by ensuring the following criteria are met:
220.127.116.11. Youth have universal access to quality education, including but not limited to alphabetical and numerical literacy, secondary and tertiary education, comprehensive sexuality education and citizenship and human rights education. This must be equally provided to all, without gender or geographical, religious or other discrimination.
18.104.22.168. Youth have access to programmes which provide entrepreneurship and profit-generating activities training and provided with structural support to implement business ideas;3
.2.2.3. Youth are enabled to make informed and educated decisions on their health, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, and able to access quality health services and information;
3.2.3. Reinforce universal and country specific policies with proven results to spur future job creation and economic growth.
3.2.4. Ensure accountable and transparent leadership to manage demographic change.
DOWNLOAD THE AFRICAN COMMON POSITION PAPER HERE: AAI AUC Ford Civil Society African Common Position Paper on ICPD 2013 April
SIGN-ON to the African Common Position on ICPD
We have finally completed the Civil Society African Common Position on the International Conference on Population Development (ICPD)!
As many of you know in 2012, AIDS Accountability International (AAI) and The African Union Commission (AUC) recognised the need for greater African civil society organisation (CSO) representation in the International Conference on Population Development (ICPD) process.
It was decided to create the African Common Position (ACP) on ICPD to reflect and include the perspectives, recommendations and expertise of African stakeholders.
To sign on and endorse the Civil Society African Common Position please click here
DOWNLOAD THE AFRICAN COMMON POSITION PAPER HERE: AAI AUC Ford Civil Society African Common Position Paper on ICPD 2013 April
Join these organisations who have already endorsed the African Common Position on ICPD:
List of Organizational Endorsements
1. Action Health Incorporated (Nigeria )
2. Action Visant l’Education et Valorisation des Enfants Non Assistés (Congo)
3. African Council of AIDS Service Organizations (Senegal)
4. Alliance Of Solidarity For the Family (Seychelles )
5. Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women (Malaysia)
6. Associação Angolana para o Bem Estar da Familia (Angola)
7. Associação Caboverdiana para a Proteção da Familia (Cape Verde)
8. Associação Mocambicana para o Desenvolvimento da Familia (Mozambique)
9. Associação Santomense para a Promoção Familiar (Sao Time & Principe)
10. Association Beninoise pour la Promotion de la Famille (Benin)
11. Association Burkinabe pour le Bien etre Familial (Bukina Faso)
12. Association Centraficaine pour le Bien-etre Familial (Central African Republic)
13. Association Central Africa Against AIDS (Central African Republic)
14. Association Comorienne pour le Bien etre de la Famille (Comoros)
15. Association Conogolaise pour te Bien-etre Familial (Congo)
16. Association Guineenne pour le Bien-etre Familial (Guinea)
17. Association Ivoirienne pour le Bien-etre Familial (Ivory Coast)
18. Association Malienne Pour La Promotion Et La Protection De La Famille (Mali)
19. Association Nigerienne pour le Bien-etre Familial (Niger)
20. Association pour le Bien-etre Familial/Naissances Desirables (Democratic Republic of Congo)
21. Association Rwandaise pour le Bien-etre Familial (Rwanda)
22. Association Senegalaise pour le Bien-étre Familial (Senegal)
23. Association Togolaise pour le Bien-etre Familial (Togo)
24. Association Burundaise pour le Bien-etre Familial (Burundi)
25. Association Tchadienne pour le Bien-etre Familial (Chad)
26. Botswana Family Welfare Association (Botswana)
27. Cameroon National Association for Family Welfare (Cameroon)
28. Chama cha Uzazi na Malezi Bora Tanzania (Tanzania)
29. Chargée de mission International (France)
30. Communication for Development Centre (Nigeria)
31. Community and Family AID Foundation (Ghana)
32. FAMEDEV-Inter Africa Network for Women, Media ,Gender and Development (Senegal )
33. Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (Ethiopia)
34. Family Life Association of Swaziland (Swaziland)
35. Family Planning Association of Liberia (Liberia)
36. Family Planning Assoication of Malawi (Malawi)
37. Femmes et Droits Humains (Mali)
38. Fianakaviana Sambatra (Madagascar)
39. Gender Equality Watch / Center for Media Studies (Mozambique)
40. Generation Initiative For Women and Youth Network (Nigeria)
41. HEDECS (Cameroon)
42. ICHANGE CI (Cote D’Ivoire)
43. Kids & Teens Resource Centre (Nigeria)
44. Lesotho Planned Parenthood Association (Lesotho)
45. Malawi Network of AIDS Service Organisations (Malawi)
46. Mauritius Family Planning Assoication (Mauritius)
47. Mouvement Gabonais pour le Bien-etre Familial (Gabon)
48. Namibia Planned Parenthood Association (Nambia)
49. Namibia Planned Parenthoodd Association (Namibia)
50. Nelson Mandela Metropolotan University (Lesotho)
51. ONG Femmes-Santé-Développement (Cameroon)
52. People for Peace and Defense of Rights (Uganda)
53. Planned Parenthood Association of Seirra Leone (Sierra Leone)
54. Planned Parenthood Assoication of Ghana (Ghana)
55. Planned Parenthood Assoication of Nigeria Nigeria
56. Planned Parenthood Assoication of Zambia (Zambia)
57. Queer African Youth Networking (Burkina Faso)
58. Reproductive Health Uganda (Uganda)
59. Responsible Programmes Femmes (Cameroun)
60. Rwandese Association for Familiy Welfare (Rwanda)
61. SAFAIDS (Zambia)
62. Sahayogi Samaj/Blue Diamond Society (Nepal)
63. The Family Health Options of Kenya (Kenya)
64. Uganda young positives (Uganda)
65. Unité de gestion de coordination des programmes gouvernement-Système des Nations Unies (Togo)
66. Women’s Global Network for Reproductive Rights (Tanzania)
67. Women’s Promotion Centre (Tanzania)
68. Young Beninese Leaders Association (Benin)
69. Zimbabwe National Family Planning Committee (Zimbabwe)
List of Individual Endorsements
1. Madzikanga Maxwell (United Kingdom)